Our intervention research aimed at improving home supervision by parents (Supervising for Home Safety program) has broadened to include sibling supervision too (Safe Sib program). In addition, we are exploring two other streams of research – one focusing on child pedestrian safety and another focusing on risky driving by teens.
A Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) confirmed that the Supervising for Home Safety Program produces sustained—one-year—positive changes in parents’ beliefs about children’s supervision needs, as well as positive changes in their actual supervision practices. Evaluations examining delivery of the program through community organizations has demonstrated effective methods are being used in program delivery. More extensive testing the Supervising for Home Safety Program in community organizations in fall of 2013 and winter 2014 will provide data that can support the submission of a grant to more fully evaluate the program’s impact.
Older children are often left to supervise younger siblings, although their supervision is often inadequate and supervisees have an increased risk of injury when supervised by older siblings. We have completed and published several studies on sibling supervision and used the findings to develop and evaluate an online training program to improve older siblings’ supervision of younger siblings (Safe Sibs Program). A RCT was conducted to evaluate the Safe Sibs program. Results revealed improvements in older siblings’ supervision as well as in their knowledge of injury hazards and risk behaviors.
Dissemination of the two supervision programs has the potential to reduce childhood injury, given the programs have been shown to improve supervision, which is essential for reducing childhood injury.