Data collected during the 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 seasons at an Alberta ski area terrain park revealed an overall injury rate of 0.75 injuries/1000 snowboard runs. Injury rates were highest for the half-pipe and jumps and these two features were the greatest risk factors for injuries. Overall, 63% of injured snowboarders were treated at an emergency department – upper extremity injuries were the most common, particularly wrist injuries. These findings can help ski resorts better plan their terrain park, for example, by reducing the height of their jumps and promoting wrist guard use to reduce the number of wrist injuries.
This study was also able to leverage funds to look at bicycling injury risk factors. In looking at the environmental determinants of cycling injuries, we found that cyclists were more likely to be hit by a car in an intersection, in an area with high traffic volume, close to a retail establishment, or if there was a path obstruction. These findings could be communicated to bicyclists and motorists to increase safety awareness as well as used by transportation planners to improve cycling environmental infrastructure. We are in the process of examining additional risk factors for severe bicycling injuries in children and youth accompanied by a systematic review of the literature on this topic. Risk factors identified will be used to establish and/or suggest injury reduction strategies aimed at environmental modification, educational and legislative interventions.